In effect, CFDs are financial derivatives that allow traders to take advantage of prices moving up (long positions) or prices moving down (short positions) on all underlying financial instruments. They are often used to speculate on markets. A CFD is a tool of leverage with its own potential profits and los ses. It allows an investor to enter the global trading market without directly dealing with shares, indices, commodities or currency pairs. 1 For example, when applied to equities, such a contract is an equity derivative that allows traders to speculate on share price movements, without the need or ownership of the underlying shares. CFDs may be traded as stocks, bonds, futures, commodities, indices, or currencies. CFDs are also known as forward contracts for difference (FCD).
A stock market, equity market or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses, these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. Examples of the latter include shares of private companies which are sold to investors through equity crowdfunding platforms. Stock exchanges list shares of common equity as well as other security types, eg. corporate bonds and convertible bonds.
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Investment banking is the division of a bank or financial institution that serves governments, corporations, and institutions by providing underwriting (capital raising) and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) advisory services. Investment banks act as intermediaries between investors (who have money to invest) and corporations (who require capital to grow and run their businesses). This guide will cover what investment banking is and what bankers actually do.